Perennial Bloom Times Part Shade to Shade

One of the greatest design challenges when planning perennial gardens and mixed borders is selecting the right plants to provide continuous color throughout the season. This goal seems more daunting when planting a part­ shade or shade garden. Fortunately, you can create a never-ending cycle of color from a limitless number of shade perennial combinations . The table below guides you in selecting the appropriate perennials so that your that shady spot is splashed with color from March until October. Since bloom times can vary and are affected by temperature and rainfall, the plants are categorized by the calendar month when they usually bloom. Flower color also is listed to assist in planning.

MARCH

Botanic Name

Common Name

Flower Color

Helleborus nioer

Christmas Rose

White

Myosotis sylvatica

Forget-Me-Not

Blue, pink or white

Helleborus orientalis

Lenten Rose

White, pink, burgundy or yellow

APRIL

Aquifegia a/pina and A. vufgaris

Alpine Columbine

Blue oink , red, white or purple

Epimedium

Barrenwort or Bishop’s Cap

White, pink, lavender or yellow

Beroenia cordifolia

Bergenia or Pigsqueak

Pink

Dicentra spectablis

Bleeding Heart

Pink or white

Clematis macropetala

Clematis

Blue, purple, pink or white

Corydalis futea

Corydalis or Fumitory

Yellow

Dicentra eximia

Fringed Leaf Bleeding Heart

Pink

Asarum

Ginger

Purple-red

Arisaema triphyllum

Jack-in-the-Pulpit

Green

Polemonium reptans

Jacob’s Ladder

Blue

Doronicam caucasicum

Leopard’s Bane

Yellow

Conva/laria maja/is

Lily of the Valley

White or pink

Pulmonaria saccharata

Lungwort

Light blue, pink or white

Phlox subulata

Moss Phlox

Pink, blue, lavender or white

Primu/a vulgaris

Primrose

Pink. yellow, red, blue or white

Oodecatheon meadia

Shooting Star

Pink or white

Brunnera macrophylla

Siberian Bugloss

Blue

Anemone sy/vestris

Snowdrop Anemone

White

Galium odoratum

Sweet Woodruff

White

Viola labradorica or V. odorata

Violet

Purple

Mertensia virginica

Virginia Bluebells

Blue

MAY

Waldsteinia ternata

Barren Strawberry

Yellow

Stylophorum diphyllum

Celadine Poppy

Yellow

Heuchera

Coral Bells

Pink, white , cream, coral or red

Geranium sanguineum

Cranesbill

Purple, pink or blue

Phlox stolonifera

Creeping Phlox

Blue, pink or white

Tiarella cordifolium

Foamflower

Pink or white

Myosotis sylvatica

Forget-Me-Not

Blue

MAY (cont)

Botanic Name

Common Name

Flower Color

Lamium maculatum

Spotted Dead Nettle

White or pink

Polemonium caeruleum

Jacob’s Ladder

Blue

Podophyllum peltatum

May Apple

White

Thalictrum rochebrunianum

Meadow Rue

Lavender or White

Uvularia qrandiflora

Merrybells

Yellow

Polvaonatum x hybrid

Solomon’s Seal

White

Trandescantia andersoniana

Spiderwort

Purple. blue, pink or white

Paeonia suffruticosa

Tree Peony

Pink, purple, red, white or yellow

Trillium grandiflorum

Trillium

White

Phlox divaricata

Woodland Phlox

Blue, pink or white

JUNE

Astilbe

Astilbe

Pink, red or white

Diaitalis qrandiflora

Biennial Foxglove

Yellow

Digitalis purpurea

Biennial Foxglove

Pink, purple, white, or yellow

Dicentra ‘King of Hearts’

Bleeding Heart

Pink

Sisvrinchium bermudianum

Blue-eyed Grass

Blue

Lobelia cardinalis

Cardinal Flower

Red

Nepeta

Catmint

Blue

Clematis

Clematis

Purple, red, pink, white or blue

Aquilegia x hybrids

Columbine

Blue, pink,white or yellow

Heuchera

Coral Bells

Pink, coral, red or white

Corydalis

Corydalis or Fumitory

Blue or lavender

Geranium

Cranesbill

Pink, magenta, purple or white

Lysimachia nummularia

Creeping Jenny or Moneywort

Yellow

Phlox stolonifera

Creeping Phlox

Blue, pink or white

Hemerocallis

Daylily

Yellow, pink, red, purple, etc.

Persicaria affinis

Fleeceflower

Red

Persicaria polvmomha

Fleeceflower

White

Aruncus

Goatsbeard

White

Lysimachia clethroides

Gooseneck Loosestrife

White

Heucherella

Heucherella

Pink or white

Hosta

Hosta

Lavender

Alchemilla mollis

Ladv’s Mantle

Chartreuse yellow

Thalictrum aauileqifolium

Meadow Rue

Lavender or white

Paeonia lactiflora hybrids

Peony

Red, pink, white or coral

Tradescantia andersoniana

Spiderwort

Purple, blue, magenta, pink or white

Polemonium ‘Brise D’Aniou’

Variegated Jacob’s Ladder

Blue

Phlox divaricata

Woodland Phlox

Blue, pink or white

Iris pseudacorus

Yellow Flag

Yellow

JULY

Astilbe

Astilbe

Red, pink or white

Acanthus

Bear’s Breeches

White/pink

Dicentra

Bleeding Hearts

Pink

Lobelia cardinalis cultivars

Cardinal Flower

Purple, deep pink or ruby-red

Nepeta

Catmint

Blue

Clematis montana or viticella

Clematis

Purple, pink, white or red

Aquilegia ‘Crimson Star’

Columbine

Red and white

Svmphvtum grandiforium

Comfrey

Creamy yellow

Geranium

Cranesbill

Magenta, pink. blue or white

Lysimachia nummularia

Creeping Jenny or Moneywort

Yellow

Hemerocallis

Daylily

Yellow, pink, red., purple, etc.

Baptisia australis

False lndigo

Blue

Persicaria

Fleeceflower

White or red

Hosta

Hosta

Lavender or white

Uqularia sten. ‘The Rocket’

Ligularia or Senecio

Yellow

Astrantia major

Masterwort

Red, pink or white

Aconitum

Monkshood

Blue, white or pink

JULY (cont)

Botanic Name

Common Name

Flower Color

Phlox carolina

Phlox

White

Chelone glabra

Swamp Turtlehead

White

Chelone obliqua

Turtlehead

Pink

Polemonium ‘Brise D’Anjou’

Variegated Jacob’s Ladder

Blue

AUGUST

Angelica gigas

Angelica

Burgundy red

Astilbe taquetii ‘Superba’

Astilbe

Purple

Astilbe simplicifolia

Astilbe

Light pink

Lobelia siphilitica

Big Blue Cardinal Flower

Blue

Dicentra

Bleeding Heart

Pink

Lobelia cardinalis

Cardinal Flower

Purple, deep pink or ruby red

Nepeta

Catmint

Blue

Symphytum grandiforium

Comfrey

Creamy yellow

Persicaria

Fleeceflower

White or red

Ligularia

Goldenray

Yellow

Lysimachia clethroides

Gooseneck Loosestrife

White

Hosta

Hosta

Lavender or white

Ceratostiqma plumbaqinoides

Leadwort

Violet-blue

Astrantia major

Masterwort

Red, pink or white

Liriope spicata

Monkey Grass

Lavender

Aconitum carmichaelii

Monkshood

Blue

Clematis davidiana

Shrub Clematis

Blue

Cimicifuga racemosa

Snake Root

White

Clematis ternifo/ia

Sweet Autumn Clematis

White

Che/one

Turtlehead

Pink

Viola labradorica

Violet

Blue

Viola ‘Jupiter’

Violet or Tufted Pansy

Purple

Anemone hupehensis or hybrids

Windflower

White or pink

SEPTEMBER

Dicentra King of Hearts’

Bleeding Heart

Pink

Nepeta subsessilis

Catmint

Blue

Clematis viticella

Clematis

Purple, red, pink or white

Calamaqrostis x acutifolia

Feather Reed Grass

Creamy white or pinkish

Persicaria

Fleeceflower

White or red

Clematis tanqutica

Golden Clematis

Yellow

Ligularia dentata

Goldenray or Senecio

Yellow

Hosta.

Hosta

White or lavender

Ceratostigma plumbaginoides

Leadwort

Violet blue

Cimicifuga racemosa

Snake Root

White

Cimicifuga simplex

Snake Root

White

Clematis ternifolia

Sweet Autumn Clematis

White

Tricyrtis

Toadlily

White/purple spotted

Che/one glabra

Turtlehead

Pink

Che/one tvonii

Turtlehead

Pink

Clematis virginiana

Virgin’s Bower

White

Anemone

Windflower

Pink, rose or white

OCTOBER

Dicentra King of Hearts

Bleeding Heart

Pink

Clematis ‘General Sikorski’

Clematis

Purple

Clematis ‘Madame Julia Correvon’

Clematis

Deep red

Hosta sieboldiana

Hosta

Lavender

Cimicifuga simplex

Snakeroot

White

Tricyrtis formosana

Toadliliy

White/purple spotted

LONG BLOOMING PERENNIALS

Bloom for 6 weeks or more

Anemone sylvestris

Helleborus orientalis

Persicaria

Aquilegia McKana Hybrids’

Helleborus hybrids

Tiarella

Cerotostigma plumbaginoides

Heucherella

Tradescantia andersoniana

Clematis

Lamiastrum

Tricyrtis formosana

Corydalis lutea

Lamium maculatum

Viola

Dicentra eximia and

D.’Luxuriant’

Myosotis sylvatica